Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml

About

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml belongs to a group of chemicals known as antibiotics and works tirelessly in the body to eliminate gram negative bacteria and its toxins,that causes meningitis,pneumonia,joint infections,sepsis and urinary tract infections.Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is administered by trained medical professionals,as Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is found in solution form to be administered intramuscularly or intravenously.

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml dosage is dependent upon the patient’s medical condition,any medication the patient may be on,the patient’s weight and age as well as on any side effects felt by the patient.Dosage for each individual is determined by the doctor.Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is safe to be administered to elderly patients and to infants aged 4 weeks above with normal kidney functions.

Common side effects such as headaches,lightheadedness and soreness at the site of brusicing are felt but these effects are temporary and tend to resolve themselves in a few days’ time.Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is not safe to be ingested along with bisphosphonates,opioids and diuretics.Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is not prescribed to patients who have known allergies to Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml or any other antibiotic.

Categories: , , , , ,
Type

Injection

Feature

1gm

Unit

ml

Formula

Amikacin

Composition

Amikacin 1 gm

Brand

Zafa Pharmaceutical Laboratories (Pvt) Ltd

Prescription Required

Yes

How to use, Side effects, Uses, Formula & Composition

Indications

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml can be used to treat:

  • Joint infections 
  • Meningitis 
  • Intra-abdominal infections 
  • Sepsis
  • Pneumonia 
  • Urinary tract infections 
  • Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis 
  • Other gram-negative bacterial infections (including pseudomonas infections)
  • Certain gram positive bacterial infections 

How Does Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml Work

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml belongs to a wide spread chemical group known as antibiotics.Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml works by preventing the growth/multiplication of the bacteria in the human body tus eradicating the infection.

How To Use Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is injected into the patient’s muscles (intramuscular pathway) most commonly or into the patient’s vein (intravenously) by a trained healthcare professional.The area where the needle is to pierce the skin,is first disinfected by an alcohol swab or any other disinfectant that the hospital has.Then the needle uncapped and solution injected into the body.The solution is injected slowly.The dosage can be divided into two dosage given within a span of 24 hours if need be.The area of the skin where the needle enters,may slightly bruise or remain sore for 24 hours.After the injection the needle prick is pressed down (by hand) for 20 seconds,to make sure there is no bleeding and then a band-aid is placed on top.It is advised to not mix Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml with other medicines.

Dosage

Adult Dosage

Commonly Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is injected once daily in adult patients but there is not set dosage as dosage and frequency of Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml administration,changes for each patient depending on the infection,the patient’s weight,age any drugs the patient might be ingesting,the patient’s kidney functions and the patient’s response to treatment.

Child Dosage

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is safe to be administered to children aged 4 weeks and above with normal kidney and hearing functions.The dosage for children is lower than the dosage for adults and is dependent upon their weight,age,infection being treated,patient’s response to treatment and any adverse effects felt by the patient.

Elderly Dosage 

Elderly patients that are susceptible to kidney and liver problems,a lowered dose of Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml may be prescribed under the care and supervision of a physician.

Pregnancy Use And Lactation

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is not to be taken or prescribed to expecting and lactating mothers as it may have hearing disabilities in the unborn child.If you are taking the drug and become pregnant,inform your doctor immediately.There isn’t enough evidence to suggest that Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is transferred to the child through breast milk and therefore ought to be prescribed to lactating mothers under caution and care of a physician and only if necessary.If you are planning to conceive and are undergoing treatment with Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml,then refer to the doctor.The physician is likely to change your medicine and dosage.

Contraindications

Please tell your doctor if you have a history of any of the following before using Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml:

  • Allergic reaction to Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml or any other drug or ingredient
  • Severe renal (kidney) impairment
  • Myasthenia gravis 
  • Autoimmune disorders 

Precautions

Please tell your doctor about any of the following conditions before using Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml

  • Mild to moderate kidney impairment
  • Inner ear damage/difficulty in hearing 
  • Parkinsons 
  • Old age 

Interactions With Other Medications

Please tell your doctor about the use of the following before using Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml:

  • Furosemide
  • Ethacrynic acid
  • Anaesthetics
  • Neuromuscular blocking drugs
  • Cephalosporins
  • Bisphosphonates
  • Platinum compounds
  • Opioids 
  • Diuretics
  • Amphotericin B
  • Cisplatin
  • Vitamin B1 
  • Vancomycin 
  • Other neurotoxic,ototoxic or nephrotoxic agents.

Adverse Effects

Common Adverse Effects

Like most medicines,Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml has certain side effects which include:

  • Stomach problems (such as nausea,vomiting)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Soreness at site of injection
  • Increased thirst 
  • Headache 

These effects tend to be mild and resolve in a few days of taking Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml.

Rare Adverse Effects

If any of the following adverse effects are seen or felt,the patient is advised to immediately contact their doctor

  • Nephrotoxicity
  • Ototoxicity 
  • Neurotoxicity 
  • Hypotension 
  • Anemia  

How To Cope With Some Of The Adverse Effects

  • Headaches- In which case make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Avoid the use of alcohol. Take a prescribed painkiller. Consult your doctor if the headaches last longer than a week or are severe.
  • Feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting) or diarrhoea –Avoid eating rich or spicy food. It might help to take medication after food. If you’re being sick, try drinking small, frequent sips of water. If you have diarrhoea, replenish with plenty of water or other fluids. 
  • Dehydration- Patients are recommended to always care around a water bottle with them wherever they go and periodically keep sipping to prevent thirst and extremely dry mouth.Ice pops in hot weather and energy drinks (verified by the doctor) are helpful in combating dehydration.
  • Soreness at the site of injection- a cold compress can be used for 5 minutes to ease out the soreness.

Key Facts About Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml

  • Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is an antibiotic 
  • Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is safe to be administered to children
  • Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is administered intramuscularly or intravenously 
  • Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is not prescribed to pregnant women
  • Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml may cause hearing difficulties and kidney impairment

FAQ

#1.CAN I TAKE Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml DURING MY PREGNANCY?

No,Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is deemed unsafe to be ingested during pregnancy.If you become pregnant while undergoing treatment with Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml immediately contact your doctor.

#2.WHAT LAB TESTS WILL BE PRESCRIBED WHILE TREATMENT WITH Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml AND HOW OFTEN?

The physician is likely to periodically (every 3-4 months) prescribe lab tests to monitor the patient’s hearing abilities (audiogram test),kidney functions (serum creatinine levels especially),liver functions and blood pressure levels.

#3.IS IT SAFE TO HAVE Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml ALONG WITH ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES?

Yes.There is no evidence to suggest that Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml interacts with oral contraceptives.

#4.IS IT NORMAL TO FEEL LIGHTHEADED AFTER GETTING INJECTED WITH Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml?

Yes,If Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml makes you feel dizzy or weak,stop what you’re doing and sit or lie down until you feel better and do not rise too fast or immediately from a sitting or lying down position to a standing posture.Do not drive or use tools or machinery in case of any of these effects.

#5.HOW DOES Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml WORK?

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml belongs to a wide spread chemical group known as antibiotics.Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml works by preventing the growth/multiplication of the bacteria in the human body tus eradicating the infection.

#6.IS IT SAFE TO HAVE PAINKILLERS WHILE TAKING Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml?

Not all pain killers are safe to be ingested while undergoing treatment with Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml.Opioid painkillers have shown to react negatively with Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml.

#7.HOW TO USE Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml?

Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml is injected into the patient’s muscles (intramuscular pathway) most commonly or into the patient’s vein (intravenously) by a trained healthcare professional.The area where the needle is to pierce the skin,is first disinfected by an alcohol swab or any other disinfectant that the hospital has.Then the needle uncapped and solution injected into the body.The solution is injected slowly.The dosage can be divided into two dosage given within a span of 24 hours if need be.The area of the skin where the needle enters,may slightly bruise or remain sore for 24 hours.After the injection the needle prick is pressed down (by hand) for 20 seconds,to make sure there is no bleeding and then a band-aid is placed on top.It is advised to not mix Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml with other medicines.

#8.IS IT NORMAL TO HAVE INCREASED FREQUENCY OF URINATION WITH Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml?

Yes.It is completely normal as this drug tends to cause dehydration leading to increased water/fluid intake by patients which naturally leads to increased urination. 

#9.IS Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml SAFE TO GIVE TO ELDERLY PATIENTS?

Yes.For eldery patients the dosage of the drug may be lower than normal due to decreased kidney function,Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml may not be effectively removed from the body and so,in such cases the doctor may prescribe an altered dose of the Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml.

#10.CAN I CONSUME ALCOHOL WITH Amikacin 1gm Injection 4 ml?

Alcohol if taken with the medication may lead to extreme dizziness.It is best to avoid the intake of alcohol during the course of your treatment.