Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S

Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S contains alfuzosin

Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S is indicated in benign prostatic hyperplasia and acute urinary retention associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia

Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S is to be taken once daily right after the same meal

Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S comes in the form of tablets

Categories: ,
Type

Tablet

Feature

10mg

Unit

'S

Formula

Alfuzosin

Composition

Alfuzosin 10 mg

Brand

Sanofi-aventis

Prescription Required

Yes

How to use, Side effects, Uses, Formula & Composition

About

{{Prouduct}} is classified as an alpha-blocker based on its mechanism of action that aims to treat symptomatic enlargement of the prostate (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia). {{Product}} contains “Alfuzosin” as an active therapeutic ingredient that works by selectively blocking the alpha 1 adrenergic receptor that is involved in the contraction of the smooth muscles of the prostate and urinary bladder. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH is a disease prevalent in men, & characterized by a change in urgency and frequency of urine flow due to prostate enlargement. BPH is more likely to occur in older men (80 to 90%; over 70 years). 

{{Product}} should not be used to treat hypertension as it may cause a sudden drop in blood pressure which may result in fainting. Men who are at the initial stage of treatment or restart the treatment after a certain gap, are more likely to feel dizzy. The first dose pf Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S is usually recommended to be taken with a meal at bedtime so that you may not feel dizzy and your body gets used to it.  

Indications

{{Product}} is indicated for the treatment of Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Acute Urinary Retention (AUR). 

How Does Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S Work

{{Product}} contains the active ingredient “Alfuzosin”, which is a selective Alpha-1 adrenoreceptor blocking agent. Alpha-1 adrenoreceptors are present in the lower region of the urinary bladder, urethra, and prostate. These receptors contract the smooth muscles of their respective region. The active ingredient in Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S opposes this effect and produces smooth muscles relaxation of the prostate and bladder, thereby improving urinary flow and reducing urinary symptoms. {[Product}} does not reduce the size of the prostate, it only causes relaxation of targeted smooth muscles i.e. urethra, bladder neck, and prostate.

How To Use Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S

{{Product}} is available in oral solid dosage form (tablet) that is supposed to get swallowed as a whole, along with food. As the active ingredient is intended to be released in a specified way (sustained-release), so chewing, crushing, and pounding the powder affects the drug release, and hence disturbs its absorption. This in turn reduces efficacy & increases the risk of side effects.

Dosage

The active agent “Alfuzosin” comes as:

  • 5mg film-coated sustained-release tablet
  • 10mg prolonged-release tablet

Adult Dose

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

  • 10mg once daily after a meal 

Acute Urinary Retention 

  • 10mg once daily after a meal from the first day of catheterization for 2 to 3 days and after 1 day of removal of the catheter (65 years or older patients)  

Pediatric Dose

{{Product}} is not indicated for use in the pediatric population as the efficacy is not established in children under 18 years of age. 

Pregnancy And Lactation

{{Product}} is not indicated to be used in women. Significant data is not established on risks associated with pregnant or lactating women. 

Contraindications

{{Product}} is contraindicated in the following cases:

  • Known hypersensitivity with the active agent or any of the excipients.
  • Hepatic impairment (moderate to severe) 
  • Co-administration with certain antivirals (e.g. ritonavir) and antifungals (e.g. ketoconazole) 
  • In combination with other alpha-1 blocking agents. 
  • People with a known history of orthostatic hypertension. 

Precautions

Make sure you take the following precautions before starting treatment with Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S:

  • Do not co-administer Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S with blood pressure-lowering medications as the risk of hypotension is increased. 
  • Caution should be taken if a person with a history of coronary artery disease, liver disease, orthostatic hypotension, or liver disease has to take Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S
  • The first dose of Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S may cause a sudden drop in blood pressure and fainting so the dose should be taken as per the doctor’s suggested method. The person should rest until the symptoms have vanished. 
  • Treatment with Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S should be discontinued angina appears or is worsening. 
  • In males with prostatic cancer, treatment with alfuzosin should not be started until prostate cancer is not ruled out.
  • Caution must be taken in patients with compromised renal function (whose creatinine clearance is less than 30ml/min)
  • QT prolongation should be evaluated before and during the treatment with Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S in patients having a history of QT prolongation.
  • The tablet must be swallowed as a whole. Crushing or chewing it may lead to undesired release and absorption of the active ingredient and increase the risk of adverse effects.
  • People who are on alpha-1-blockers are at high risk of developing Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome during cataract surgery. So the ophthalmic surgeon must be informed if a person has recently been treated with Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S before cataract surgery. 

Interactions With Other Medications

Certain medications may increase the risk of hypotension by synergistic effect or by increasing the concentration of the active ingredient blood if co-administered with Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S. These could be 

  • Alpha-1 receptor blockers (e.g. tamsulosin)
  • Antifungals (e.g. Itraconazole, voriconazole)
  • Antivirals (e.g. Ritonavir) 
  • Antibiotics (e.g. Clarithromycin, chloramphenicol) 
  • Antidepressants (e.g. Nefazodone, thioridazine)
  • Antihypertensives (e.g. nitroglycerines, aldosterone antagonists, spironolactone)
  • Medicines used for erectile dysfunction (Sildenafil) 
  • Ceritinib
  • Cisapride
  • Mifepristone

Adverse Effects

Common Side Effects 

  • Dizziness 
  • Headache
  • Upper respiratory tract infections
  • Fatigue
  • Asthenia (weakness) or lack of energy)
  • Nausea 
  • Abdominal pain 
  • Back pain 

Less Common Adverse Effects 

  • Constipation 
  • Dyspepsia 
  • Postural hypotension
  • Tachycardia
  • Palpitations
  • Visual abnormalities 

Rare Adverse Effects

  • Rash 
  • Pruritis 
  • Angioedema 
  • Recurrence of angina in patients with coronary artery disease 

How To Cope With Some Of The Adverse Effects

  • Dizziness – Do not get up or change your position immediately when you are feeling dizzy. Instead, get up slowly and steadily. Increase your fluid intake to stay energetic, and refrain from coffee, smoking, alcohol, and addicting drugs. 
  • Nausea-  Take small and frequent meals, avoid taking heavy meals. Stay in the fresh air, chew peppermint gum, or take peppermint tea. You can also take an anti-emetic if there are episodes of vomiting, after discussing it with your doctor. 
  • Constipation – Drink a good amount of water and consume a diet rich in fiber such as green leafy vegetables, bananas, and oranges. Exercise daily and start using mild laxatives at bedtime, which act as stool softeners. 
  • Hypotension – Hypotension is a potential side effect of Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S. People who are already receiving antihypertensive treatment are more vulnerable to developing hypotension. The person should take rest and stay in bed until the symptoms are gone. 

Key Facts About Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S

  • {{Product}} is indicated for the symptomatic treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) in adults. 
  • {{Product}} is an alpha-1-blocker that works by relaxing the smooth muscles of the bladder neck, urethra, and prostate thereby increasing urinary flow. 
  • {{Product}} shrinks the prostate, it only reduces the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Whereas, the prostate gland continues to get enlarged. 
  • {{Product}} start producing its effects after a few weeks of treatment. 

FAQ’s

  • DOES {{PRODUCT}} CAUSE SHRINKING OF THE PROSTATE?

{{Product}} causes relaxation of the smooth muscles of the prostate and bladder neck to increase the flow of urine. It does not shrink the prostate. 

  • HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR {PRODUCT}} TO PRODUCE THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS?

{{Product}} reduces the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia within 4 weeks of the treatment. 

  • WHAT IS BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA?

BPH or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is characterized by an enlarged prostate gland due to which the person feels difficulty in passing urine. 

  • BY WHAT SYMPTOMS I SHOULD SUSPECT IF I HAVE BPH?

BPH can produce symptoms like interrupted urinary passage, feeling that your bladder is still not empty, delay in the passage of urine flow, and urge to pass urine, especially at night. 

  • ARE THERE ANY DIETARY RESTRICTIONS IF I HAVE BPH?

Intake of products like red & processed meat, dairy products, alcohol, and saturated fats should be avoided if a person has BPH. 

  • CAN I USE BLOOD PRESSURE-LOWERING MEDICATIONS ALONG WITH {{PRODUCT}}?

The risk of developing a potential side effect that is hypotension is increased if you take Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S along with other blood pressure-lowering agents such as spironolactone, nitrates, and aldosterone antagonists, etc. 

  • CAN I TAKE {{PRODUCT}} BEFORE SURGERY?

{{Product}} should be withdrawn 24 hours before the procedure because it can cause profound hypotension. 

  • CAN AN ELDERLY PERSON TAKE {{PRODUCT}}?

The risk of hypotension should be taken into account while starting treatment with Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S in the elderly as they are vulnerable to developing adverse effects. 

  • CAN I DRIVE THE VEHICLE AFTER TAKING {{PRODUCT}}?

You can drive a vehicle when you are on Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S. However, you should stop driving and lifting heavy weights for a while if you feel dizzy or lightheaded. 

  • IS {{PRODUCT}} SAFE TO USE IN STOMACH UPSETS?

{{Product}} contains castor oil as an excipient that can increase gastric motility and lead to stomach upset and diarrhea.  

  • WHAT IF THE DOSE IS MISSED?

As Xatral LP 10mg Tablet 30 ‘S is taken once daily, so you can take the missed dose any time or as soon as you remember. Do not double the dose.

  • WHAT ARE THE STORAGE CONDITIONS OF {{PRODUCT}}?

{{Product}} should be stored in a cool and dry place at room temperature, away from the sunlight.