Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is prescribed to treat various bacterial infections
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S contains Cefpodoxime
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is to be taken orally (via mouth)
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is prescribed to children and adults
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is to be used only when necessary and for a specific number of days
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is to be used under doctor’s advisement
Cefpodoxime 100 mg
How to use, Side effects, Uses, Formula & Composition
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S belongs to a class of drugs called “Cephalosporins”, specifically used in the treatment of bacterial infections. It is known to be Beta-Lactam, a broad-spectrum antibiotic i.e., it works against a wide range of disease-causing bacteria including life-threatening severe ones. Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is chemically composed of Cefpodoxime, a 3rd generation cephalosporin. It is effective against a variety of gram-negative bacteria and some gram-positive microbes.
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is used in the treatment of bacterial infections such as bronchitis/pneumonia, gonorrhea (a sexually transmitted disease), brain infection (meningitis), pelvic inflammatory disease, and infections of the ear, abdomen, and urinary tract, in the prevention of post-operative infections. It is not effective against viral infections such as flu or viral fever. Therefore, using any antibiotic when it is not required may decrease its efficacy for future infections. On the other hand, some people might be allergic to penicillin antibiotics and hence they will not be able to take Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S.
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is available on prescription, in the form of oral tablets, suspension. Dosage of Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S depends on age, weight, patient’s response to the medicine, and their comorbidities. Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is taken orally preferably with a meal in dosage as prescribed by the doctor, depending upon the severity of infection and kidney function. Drug dose regimen must be strictly followed without skipping to avoid bacterial resistance. Common side effects of this medication are nausea, diarrhea, and indigestion (stomachache).
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is prescribed to adults and children from above 6 months of age.
It is used in the treatment of:
- Infections of the respiratory tract like Pneumonia (nose, throat, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs)
- Urinary tract (UTIs)
- Sexually transmitted disease (e.g., gonorrhea)
- Ear infection (otitis media)
- Bone/ joint infections
How does Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S work
It is an antibiotic belonging to a class of drugs called cephalosporins with bactericidal action. They work by preventing the bacteria from forming an important compound (peptidoglycan) for their protective outer coating, called cell walls essential to bacterial survival, cell growth, and multiplication, thereby killing them.
How to use Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S
Usually taken orally in prescribed doses with food (to avoid side effects) every 12 or 24 hours. Make sure to divide your doses evenly so as not to miss any dose and complete the full course of treatment. Preferably it should be taken with meals to avoid side effects. If you are using the oral suspension, make sure to follow the instructions available with the label. Do not use household spoons, instead use the calibrated spoons/device available with the Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S.
Potency and dosage form
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is available in the following forms
Tablets – 100 mg
– 200 mg
Suspension – 40mg/5ml
- Acute infections due to sensitive gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, upper and lower respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, ear, sinusitis: 200mg, twice daily at 12 hourly intervals.
- Acute pneumonia: 200 mg orally, twice daily at 12 hourly intervals.
- Gonorrhea: 200 mg orally once a day usually.
- Uncomplicated UTIs: 100 mg, orally twice daily at 12 hourly intervals.
- Tonsillitis/ pharyngitis: 100 mg orally twice daily at 12 hourly intervals.
- Acute infections of upper and lower respiratory tract infection, urinary tract, ear, sinusitis.
- Children under 12 years of age are usually prescribed a suspension form.
- 2 months – 12 years: 5 mg/kg, twice daily at 12 hourly intervals.
- Maximum Safe daily dose: 200 mg/day.
- 12 years and above: 100 mg (Tablet), twice daily at 12 hourly intervals.
- Maximum Safe daily dose: 400 mg/day.
Doses must be adjusted keeping in mind comorbidities. Moreover, Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is excreted mostly by the kidney, therefore while administering the drug to elderly patients (65 years and above) careful consideration must be given to renal function while deciding upon the dose.
Pregnancy use and lactation
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is classified as a pregnancy category B drug by FDA (meaning no evidence of any risk to the human fetus in controlled animal trials but insufficient data is available). If you are pregnant, think you may be pregnant, or are planning to have a baby, please consult your doctor before using Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S.
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is also secreted in human milk, if you are breastfeeding, please consult your doctor before taking Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S.
Please inform your doctor if you have a history of any of these before using Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S:
- Allergic reaction to Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S or other cephalosporins
- Premature newborns (there’s a high risk of kernicterus in these babies)
- History of GI Disease especially colitis
- Severe renal impairment
Please tell your doctor about any of the following conditions while using Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S:
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S may cause hypersensitivity (allergy) to cephalosporins or penicillins
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S should is not recommended for use in infants under 2 months of age
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S must be used with caution (if at all) in severe renal function impairment or kidney or liver disease after dose adjustment
- Prolonged treatment with Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S may result in superinfection (caused by other non-susceptible microbes), in which case treatment must be approached accordingly
- If there’s a history of a Gastrointestinal disease such as colitis, inform your doctor before treatment
- Altered prothrombin time with prolonged antibiotic intake (inhibition of hemostasis) can occur, caution is advised
- Clostridium Difficle associated diarrhea can occur with the use of certain antibiotics. Immediately contact tor doctor
- Malnourishment or poor health status can increase the risk of side effects
- Before starting Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S pregnant and/or breastfeeding females should consult a doctor first
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S may interfere with your blood glucose levels, inform your doctor when taking a blood test
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S may cause an increase in blood creatinine and BUN values, laboratory personnel must be informed if you are on this medication, before taking the test
- Some formulations of Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S contain aspartame which may cause side effects in patients with Phenylketonuria. Discuss with your doctor
Interaction with other medications
Certain drugs may interact with and affect the efficacy of Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S or be influenced by it. Few of which are:
- H2 receptor blockers
- Typhoid vaccine (Live)
- Calcium and calcium products
- Sodium Bicarbonate
Like most medicines, Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S has some side effects which include:
Common adverse effects
- Pain/ tenderness at the site of injection
- Indigestion (stomachache)
- Headaches/ migraine
- Mild rash
- Vaginal discharge
- Oral thrush (opportunistic fungal infection of the mouth)
Serious adverse effects
Immediately consult your doctor if you notice any of the following or worse signs:
- Hypersensitivity/allergic skin reactions; in this case, discontinue
- Very rarely: pseudomembranous colitis (inflamed large intestine)
- Hemolytic anemia (a blood cell disorder characterized by faster destruction than the production of red blood cells)
- Encephalopathy (brain disease or damage).
- Watery or bloody diarrhea
- Cold clammy skin, discoloration/ numbness of fingers
- Shortness of breath
- Altered taste
- Difficulty in urination
- Lower back pain
List of how to deal with adverse effects
Fatigue- Patients experiencing this adverse effect are advised to take deep breaths, intake tea or coffee, get a good night’s rest, and not overburden themselves for a few days.
Feeling drowsy – If the medication makes you feel drowsy or sleepy, stop what you’re doing and sit or lie down until you feel better and do not rise too fast or immediately from a sitting or lying down position to a standing posture. Do not drive or use tools or machinery in case of any of these effects.
Headaches- In which case make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Avoid the use of alcohol. Take a prescribed painkiller. Consult your doctor if the headaches last longer than a week or are severe
Feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting) or diarrhea – Avoid eating rich or spicy food. It might help to take medication after food. If you’re sick, try drinking small, frequent sips of water.
Feeling dizzy (lightheaded) or weak – If the medication makes you feel dizzy or weak, stop what you’re doing and sit or lie down until you feel better and do not rise too fast or immediately from sitting or lying down position to a standing posture. Do not drive or use tools or machinery in case of any of these effects.
Muscular Aches and Pains- A hot or cold compress can be placed at the area of discomfort to bring relief; an over-the-counter pain reliever such as paracetamol or ibuprofen can be ingested to bring ease as well. Avoid high-intensity exercise while suffering from muscular pain.
Flatulence- This can be eased by consuming smaller, more frequent meals that don’t trigger your flatulence. Getting a minimum of 30 minutes of daily exercise has shown great results in combating flatulence.
Heartburn – This can be dealt with by chewing on mint-flavored gum that’ll help neutralize the acid in the body. Standing up straighter, adding ginger to the daily diet, elevating the patient’s upper body, and having licorice supplements has shown to provide relief.
Skin Rash- This can be eased by applying soothing and healing lotions or creams such as calamine lotion/cream. Apply a cold compress to the rash to help reduce itchiness and redness caused by the rash. An antihistamine (prescribed by a doctor) is also recommended as an effective way to combat any skin rash.
Blurred vision- This side effect tends to go away on its own in a few days; patients are advised to not operate heavy machinery or drive any motorized vehicles in the meantime. If blurred vision persists, please contact your doctor.
Dehydration- Patients are recommended to always care around a water bottle with them wherever they go and periodically keep sipping to prevent thirst and extremely dry mouth. Ice pops in hot weather and energy drinks (verified by the doctor) help combat dehydration.
Flu-like symptoms- To manage symptoms, patients are advised to drink plenty of fluids and get plenty of rest and sleep. Take an antihistamine, a nasal decongestant, or a lozenge to feel better when needed.
Redness Of the Skin- This can be combated by applying a cold pack to the affected area.
Fever- Patients are asked to ingest over-the-counter painkillers (such as Paracetamol), partake in plenty of fluids, and rest for a couple of days till the symptoms pass.
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections only
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is commonly used to treat respiratory infections, ear, sinus, and skin infections, UTIs, also STDs
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is safe to be prescribed to children (older than 2 months), adults, and elderly patients
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is taken orally in doses prescribed by the doctor
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S may cause constipation/diarrhea, dizziness, and headaches as some common side effects
- Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S should be taken till full prescribed time to avoid bacterial resistance in future
Q. WHAT EXACTLY DOES Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S DO?
It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic belonging to a class of drugs called cephalosporins (3rd generation) that prevent bacteria from forming a protective cell layer called cell wall, thereby killing them.
Q. HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S TO START WORKING?
It starts working almost immediately but it may take a few days to kill the disease-causing bacteria entirely and relieve you from the symptoms.
Q. HOW LONG WILL I HAVE TO TAKE Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S FOR?
The duration for using Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S depends on the type of infection you have, your age, and kidney function. It is usually taken once or twice a day for 7-14 days, as prescribed by the doctor. Even though your symptoms may improve, complete the prescribed course without skipping any doses to ensure the remaining bacteria are killed.
Q. CAN I STOP TAKING Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S?
Do not just stop taking the medicine, make sure to complete your antibiotic course even if you feel better to avoid bacterial resistance in the future.
Q. IS THERE ANY FOOD OR DRINK I NEED TO AVOID?
No, there is no food or drink that needs to be avoided while taking Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S unless advised by your physician.
Q. WHAT SHOULD I DO TO AVOID GASTRIC PROBLEMS?
You can avoid GI symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea with this Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S by taking it with your meals.
Q. CAN I DRINK ALCOHOL WITH Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S?
Avoid drinking alcohol while you are on Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S as it may cause dizziness and headaches as a side effect.
Q. WHAT IF I TAKE TOO MUCH OF Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S?
If you have taken too much of the prescribed Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S you may experience common side effects like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache, headaches, dizziness, and at times a mild rash as a reaction to Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S; in which case inform your doctor immediately.
Q. WHAT IF I FORGET TO TAKE Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S?
In case you miss a dose, take your next dose on time, and do not try making up for the missed dose by doubling it up. If it helps to remind you, set an alarm so you do not miss any dose. Make sure to complete your course of treatment even if you feel better and think you do not need to take it anymore.
Q. ARE THERE ANY TESTS REQUIRED WITH Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S?
Some of the tests may be done by your doctor to assess bacterial load and the impact of this drug. These can include culture sensitivity tests, blood glucose level, Blood CBC (to assess cell count), urinalysis, Prothrombin time. Also, if you have pre-existing kidney disease, the doctor may like to analyze BUN, creatinine clearance, and urinalysis tests
Q. CAN I TAKE Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S DURING PREGNANCY OR BREASTFEEDING?
There is no evidence of Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S being unsafe during pregnancy or breastfeeding, however, it is better to inform your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding before taking the medication.
Q. CAN THE USE OF Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S CAUSE DIARRHEA?
Yes, since Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is an antibiotic that not only kills the harmful bacteria but can also affect the helpful bacteria in your stomach or intestine, it can cause diarrhea. If diarrhea persists, inform your doctor.
Q. IS Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S SAFE FOR KIDNEYS?
Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S is removed from the body majorly by kidneys which implies that renal adequacy should be sufficient otherwise it may increase the risk of drug accumulation and side effects. Therefore, it is advised to take Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S only when prescribed by your doctor and inform if you have pre-existing kidney disease.
Q. CAN I DRIVE OR RIDE A BIKE AFTER TAKING Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S?
Make sure you know how your body reacts while using ‘product’ as it is known to make you feel dizzy. Do not drive or use any machinery until you feel normal again.
Q. HOW SHOULD Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S BE STORED?
Keep the medicine at room temperature in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. Keep all medications away from children and pets.
Q. WILL IT AFFECT MY FERTILITY?
No, there is no evidence of infertility caused by Prelox 100mg Tablet 10 ‘S